🍔 Middlewares and ☘️ Leaf Services

In a quick intermezzo, let's align on some terminology:

  • What in tower and rama is called a Layer is in many other places often referred to as 'middleware'. The concept is the same and it is functionality operating somewhere between the callee (the one calling the 'function') and the actual thing (Service) responsible for producing the 'Response'.
  • A Leaf Service is not really a term used in tower, but it can be a neat way to explicitly label a Service which sole responsibility is to produce a Result without relying on another wrapped Service to do so.

A typical web server example of seeing these two different types of Services in action in a less abstract manner can be as follows:

%3HTTP GET /exampleHTTP GET /examplecompression servicecompression serviceHTTP GET /example->compression serviceasync fn example(request) -> Result { ... }async fn example(request) -> Result { ... }compression service->async fn example(request) -> Result { ... }

Alternatively you can represent this in a pseudo code style as follows:

struct Compression<Example>
    inner: Example

        request = Compression::decompress(request)
        response = inner.serve(request)?
        return Ok(Compression::decompress(response))

struct Example
        return "<p>Hello, World!</p>"

Compression::serve("HTTP GET /example")

Depending on a combination of how you learn/reason and how well I explained this, this may or may not make sense. Please consult the examples found in the /examples dir to see this in action in actual Rust code. GitHub should allow you to even click through the synbols, but this might be even easier if you clone the repo and go through them in your preferred IDE.